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TRƯỜNG THPT CHUYÊN LÊ QUÝ ĐÔN                                ĐỀ THI THỬ ĐẠI HỌC LẦN 3
(Đề thi gồm 06 trang, 80 câu trắc nghiệm)                          Môn: Tiếng Anh - Thời gian: 90 phút
                                                                                                        Mã đề thi 135

Blacken the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction.

Question1: Cool temperatures, shade, moist (A), and the presence of dead (B) organic material provide (C) the ideal living conditions (D) for mushrooms.

Question 2: Despite (A) fats and oil are nutritionally (B) important as (C) energy sources, medical research indicates (D) that saturated fats may contribute to hardening of the arteries.

Question 3: The engineering (A) in charge of the design of a scientific tool works in close (B) partnership with (C) the scientist and the technician (D).

Question 4: Searching for alternate (A) forms of energy does not necessary (B) mean the abandonment (C) of fossil fuels as an energy source (D).

Question 5: The radio telescope, invented (A) in 1932, has capabilities (B) beyond far (C) those of optical telescopes in tracking (D) signals from galaxies.

Read the following passage and blacken the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks

Quite apart from the economic similarity between present-day automation and the mechanization, which has been proceeding for centuries, it must also be stressed that even in the United States, automation is by no means the only factor (6) _____ people from existing jobs. The increasing number of unneeded workers in (7) _____ years has been the result of much more simple and old-fashioned influences: farm laborers have been (8) _____ out of work by bigger tractors, miners by the cheapness of oil, and railway-men by better roads. It is quite wrong, therefore, to think of automation as some new monster whose arrival (9) ______ the existence of employment in the same way that the arrival of myxomatosis threatened the existence of the rabbit. Automation is one (10) _______ of technological changes (changes in tastes, changes in social patterns, changes in organization) which (11) ______ in certain jobs disappearing and certain skills ceasing to be required. And even in America, which has a level of technology and output per (12) _______ much in advance of Britain’s, there is no (13) _______ that the (14) _______ of change is actually speeding up. Nevertheless changes in the amount of labor needed to produce a certain output are proceeding fairly rapidly in America – and in (15) ______ countries – and may proceed more rapidly in future. Indeed it is one of the main objects of economic policy.

Question 6. A. riding                   B. displacing                 C. pas                      D. dismissing

Question 7. A. recent                  B. later                         C. passed                 D. elapsed

Question 8. A. put                       B. fit                            C. set                       D. dismissed

Question 9. A. shadows               B. evades                    C. intimidates            D. threatens

Question 10. A. face                    B. point                       C. aspect                  D. angle

Question 11. A. result                   B. reside                     C. end                      D. prospect

Question 12. A. human                 B. head                       C. unit                       D. piece

Question 13. A. signal                   B. evidence                C. demonstration        D. incidence

Question 14. A. step                     B. rush                       C. pace                      D. leap

Question 15. A. another                 B. others                    C. other                      D. each

Blacken the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.

Question 16: A. historian               B. architecture            C. biography                D. thermometer

Question 17: A. supposedly           B. curriculum              C. surprisingly             D. supernatural

Question 18: A. magnificent           B. miraculous             C. inferior                    D. electronic

Question 19: A. relevant                B. cognitive                C. artistic                    D. consequence

Question 20: A. admirable             B. considerate             C. unbearable              D. intentional 

Blacken the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Question 21: There were no poor performances, but that of the Russian dancers was certainly the best.

A. The best performances were those of the Russians; some of others were poor.
B. The standard of dancing was high, particularly among the Russians.
C. The Russian dancers were well-worth watching but the others weren’t.
D. They all danced well, but the Russian dancers were far better.

Question 22: Owing to the poor visibility caused by the fog, it took us ten hours, instead of the usual eight, to get to Istanbul.

A. The light of Istanbul were visible for two hours before we reached the city.
B. Even though we ran into a lot of fog on the way to Istanbul, the journey didn’t take much longer than usual.
C. It took between eight and ten hours to drive to Istanbul, depending on visibility.
D. The fog meant that we reached Istanbul two hours later than normal.

Question 23: The theory of natural selection made the idea of organic evolution acceptable to the majority of the scientific world.

A. The world’s scientist accepted the idea of organic evolution more rapidly than the concept of natural selection.
B. Without the theory of natural selection to support it, no scientists would ever have approved the theory of organic evolution.
C. On the whole, the scientific world approved the concept of organic evolution once the theory of natural selection had been postulated.
D. It was only after the introduction of the theory of natural selection that scientists paid any attention to the idea of organic evolution.

Question 24: Much to my surprise, I found his lecture on the civilization of Mesopotamia extremely interesting.

A. Contrary to expectations, his lecture on ancient Mesopotamia was the most fascinating of all.
B. It was at his lecture on the civilization of Metosotamia that I realized how fascinating the subject is.
C. I was fascinated by what he had to say in his lecture on the civilization of Mesopotamia though I hadn’t expected to be.
D. I hadn’t expected him to lecture on the civilization of Mesopotamia, but he spoke remarkably well.

Question 25: The newspapers are putting the blame on his private secretary, but I think several people are equally guilty.

A. It seems to me that several people are at fault, not just his private secretary as the newspapers are suggesting.
B. The names of some guilty people were given to the newspapers by his private secretary.
C. According to the newspapers, it is not only his private secretary who is to blame; several other people are involved.
D. Some of the people who are quite as guilty as his private secretary have managed to avoid getting their names in the newspapers.

Question 26: Rather than disturb the meeting, I left without saying goodbye.

A. I would rather disturb the meeting than leave without saying goodbye.
B. I left without saying goodbye as I didn't want to disturb the meeting.
C. I disturbed the meeting because I said goodbye.
D. The meeting was disturbed as I left saying goodbye.

Question 27: As Elton John became more famous, it was more difficult for him to avoid newspaper reporters.

A. The more famous Elton John became, the more difficult it was for him to avoid newspaper reporters.
B. The more famous Elton John became, the more difficult for him it was to avoid newspaper reporters.
C. The more famous Elton John became, more difficult for him to avoid newspaper reporters it was.
D. The more Elton John became famous, the more difficult for him it was to avoid newspaper reporters.

Question 28: We’re still debating whether or not he deserves to be promoted.

A. There was much disagreement among us as to whether he’s suitable candidate for promotion.
B. The question of whether he’s entitled to promotion has not yet been discussed.
C. His promotion will certainly cause a great deal of disagreement among us.
D. We haven’t yet come to an agreement as to if he should be promoted.

Question 29: Apparently, Tom and Jerry can’t spend an afternoon together without fighting.

A. A fight seems inevitable when Tom and Jerry are together even if only for an afternoon.
B. Tom and Jerry must have got together in the afternoon to have a fight.
C. Presumably, on the afternoon of the fight, Tom and Jerry were together.
D. Unfortunately, Tom and Jerry spent the whole afternoon fighting each other.

Question 30: Wouldn’t it be better to let them know about the alterations to the plan?

A. Why haven’t they been informed about the new development?
B. Shouldn’t they have been consulted before the scheme was changed?
C. Don’t you think they should be informed about the changes in the plan?
D. We’d better ask them to change the plan, hadn’t we?

Read the following passage and blacken the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

The history of clinical nutrition, or the study of the relationship between health and how the body takes in and utilizes food substances, can be divided into four distinct eras: the first began in the nineteenth century and extended into the early twentieth century when it was recognized for the first time that food contained constituents that were essential for human function and that different foods provided different amounts of these essential agents. Near the end of this era, research studies demonstrated that rapid weight loss was associated with nitrogen imbalance and could only be rectified by providing adequate dietary protein associated with certain foods.

The second era was initiated in the early decades of the twentieth century and might be called "the vitamin period." Vitamins came to be recognized in foods, and deficiency syndromes were described. As vitamins became recognized as essential food constituents necessary for health, it became tempting to suggest that every disease and condition for which there had been no previous effective treatment might be responsive to vitamin therapy. At that point in time, medical schools started to become more interested in having their curricula integrate nutritional concepts into the basic sciences. Much of the focus of this education was on the recognition of deficiency symptoms. Herein lay the beginning of what ultimately turned from ignorance to denial of the value of nutritional therapies in medicine. Reckless claims were made for effects of vitamins that went far beyond what could actually be achieved from the use of them.

In the third era of nutritional history in the early 1950's to mid-1960's, vitamin therapy began to fall into disrepute. Concomitant with this, nutrition education in medical schools also became less popular. It was just a decade before this that many drug companies had found their vitamin sales skyrocketing and were quick to supply practicing physicians with generous samples of vitamins and literature extolling the virtue of supplementation for a variety of health-related conditions. Expectations as to the success of vitamins in disease control were exaggerated. As is known in retrospect, vitamin and mineral therapies are much less effective when applied to health-crisis conditions than when applied to long-term problems of under nutrition that lead to chronic health problems.

Question 31: What does the passage mainly discuss?

A. The effects of vitamins on the human body
B. The history of food preferences from the nineteenth century to the present
C. The stages of development of clinical nutrition as a field of study
D. Nutritional practices of the nineteenth century

Question 32: It can be inferred from the passage that which of the following discoveries was made during the first era in the history of nutrition?

A. Protein was recognized as an essential component of diet.
B. Vitamins were synthesized from foods.
C. Effective techniques of weight loss were determined.
D. Certain foods were found to be harmful to good health.

Question 33: The word "tempting" is closest in meaning to

A. necessary               B. attractive                     C. realistic                    D. correct

Question 34: It can be inferred from the passage that medical schools began to teach concepts of nutrition in order to

A. convince medical doctors to participate in research studies on nutrition
B. encourage medical doctors to apply concepts of nutrition in the treatment of disease
C. convince doctors to conduct experimental vitamin therapies on their patients
D. support the creation of artificial vitamins

Question 35: The word "Reckless" is closest in meaning to

A. recorded                  B. irresponsible                 C. informative                D. urgent

Question 36: The word "them" in line 16 refers to

A. therapies                 B. claims                          C. effects                       D. vitamins

Question 37: Why did vitamin therapy begin losing favor in the 1950's ?

A. The public lost interest in vitamins.
B. Medical schools stopped teaching nutritional concepts.
C. Nutritional research was of poor quality
D. Claims for the effectiveness of vitamin therapy were seen to be exaggerated.

Question 38: The phrase "concomitant with" is closest in meaning to

A. in conjunction with     B. prior to                          C. in dispute with            D. in regard to

Question 39: The word "skyrocketing" is closest in meaning to

A. internationally popular  B. increasing rapidly         C. acceptable                  D. surprising

Question 40: The paragraph following the passage most probably discusses

A. The fourth era of nutrition history                         B. Problems associated with undernutrition
C. How drug companies became successful             C. Why nutrition education lost its appeal

Blacken the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Question 41: Why don't you try praising your students occasionally instead of ________ them all the time?
A. crying to                      B. falling over                   C. shouting at                  D. rushing into

Question 42: After so many years, it is great to see him ________ his ambitions.
A. realise                         B. get                               C. possess                      D. deserve

Question 43: Unless this outbreak of cholera ________rapidly under control, we ________ourselves with an epidemic on our hands.

A. has brought/could find                                           B. is brought/may find
C. were brought/would be found                                  D. had brought/might have found

Question 44: We still meet up for a drink and a chat once ________.

A. in a blue moon               B. in a while                     C. at a time                      D. in a black mood

Question 45: ________ in the diet is especially important for vegetarians.

A. Enough protein is obtained                                     B. Obtaining enough protein
C. They obtain enough protein                                    D. By obtaining enough protein

Question 46: Linda: "It's been a tough couple of months, but I think the worst is behind us now."
Jill: “________”

A. Good luck!                     B. Good morning.              C. Goodness me!              D. Good.

Question 47: Many of the relics of early Mesopotamia, one of the areas where civilizations first _____, ______ from their sites over the years, and are now on display in European museums..

A. used to develop/were removed                                 B. had developed/have removed
C. developed/have been removed                                 D. were developing/had removed

Question 48: Student: "I would like to join the library."
Librarian: “________”

A. OK. Would you like to fill in this form?                       B. OK. This is the form that requires us.
C. OK. I would like to fill in this form.                             D. OK. See if you can join.

Question 49: I hope that by the time our rivals________ out about this deal, we ______ all the contracts.

A. found/had been signed   B. will find/are signing           C. have found/will sign        D. find/will have signed

Question 50: I'm beginning to think _______ people say about him is true.

A. which                            B. things                              C. what                              D. those

Question 51: A: "How much sugar do you want in your coffee?"
B: “________”

A. So much.                       B. Too much.                       C. Little bit.                        D. Not much.

Question 52: At the South Pole ________ , the coldest and most desolate region on Earth.

A. Antarctica lies where                                                  B. Antarctica lies and
C. where Antarctica lies                                                  D. lies Antarctica

Question 53: She never once needed to consult the manual. She had all the information _______ her fingertips.

A. with                               B. at                                     C. by                                  D. for

Question 54: ________ have made communication faster and easier through the use of email and Internet is widely recognized.

A. It is that computers         B. That computers                 C. Computers that                D. That it is computers

Question 55: Larry drove all night to get there for his sister’s wedding. He ______exhausted by the time he arrived.

A. ought to be                     B. could be                            C. should have been            D. must have been

Question 56: This was of course very embarrassing for the P.M. and _____of the speech he told funny stories.

A. in spite                           B. in case                              C. instead                           D. intend

Question 57: Rows and silences are ______ and parcel of any marriage.

A. package                         B. stamps                              C. packet                            D. part

Question 58. ________, Sarah Jeweft, a nineteenth- century writer, read widely in her family's extensive library.

A. That she received little education formally                       B. The little formal education that she received
C. Little formal education that was received by                     D. Although she received little formal education

Question 59: Children with parents whose guidance is firm, consistent and rational are inclined ________ high levels of self-confidence.

A. possess                         B. have possessed                 C. to possess                       D. possessing

Question 60: Linda: “Have you got anything by Jane Austen?”
Janet: “ ________”

A. No, I haven't got any.                                                     B. Will you buy it, please?
C. Have a look upstairs.                                                     D. Don't worry about it. I've got some.

Question 61: Although thunder and lightning are produced at the same time, light waves travel faster ________ , so we see the lightning before we hear the thunder.

A. than sound waves are      B. than sound waves do         C. do sound waves                D. sound waves

Question 62: Snow aids farmers by keeping heat in the lower ground levels, thereby _____ from freezing.

A. to save the seeds            B. saving the seeds               C. which save the seeds        D. the seeds save

Question 63. The boy _______ to having been writing graffiti on the walls.

A. agreed                            B. confessed                          C. denied                              D. accepted

Question 64: The Earth has a tremendous amount of water, but_______ in the oceans.

A. almost all of it is              B. it is almost all of                C. all of it is almost                D. it almost is all

Question 65: You will be glad to know your son's work is showing a _______ improvement.

A. marked                           B. mediocre                           C. minimal                             D. pronounced

Question 66: The world's deepest cave, Pierre St. Martin in the Pyrenees mountains, is almost three times as deep ________ .

A. as the Empire State Building is high                               B. that the Empire State Building is higher
C. is higher than the Empire State Building                          D. and the Empire State Building's height

Question 67: Overweight people should not jog, because it puts a great ________ their hearts.

A. strain on                          B. control over                       C. trouble with                        D. cruelty to

Question 68: Don't worry; this is nothing that _______ you .

A. matters                            B. entails                               C. concerns                          D. complicates

Question 69: It may be raining, but I'm _______ enjoying myself.

A. thoroughly                        B. slightly                               C. extremely                         D. desperately

Question 70: How do you account for the manager's fiery _______ yesterday afternoon?

A. output                              B. outburst                              C. outcry                              D. outlaw

Read the following passage and blacken the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

Sharks have gained an unfair reputation for being fierce predators of large sea animals. Humanity's unfounded fear and hatred of these ancient creatures is leading to a worldwide slaughter that may result in the extinction of many coastal shark species. The shark is the victim of a warped attitude of wildlife protection; we strive only to protect the beautiful, non-threatening parts of our environment. And, in our efforts to restore only non-threatening parts of our earth, we ignore other important parts.

A perfect illustration of this attitude is the contrasting attitude toward another large sea animal, the dolphin. During the 1980s, environmentalists in the United States protested the use of driftnets for tuna fishing in the Pacific Ocean since these nets also caught dolphins. The environmentalists generated enough political and economic pressure to prevent tuna companies from buying tuna that had been caught in driftnets. In contrast to this effort on behalf of the dolphins, these same environmentalists have done very little to help save the Pacific Ocean sharks whose population has decreased nearly to the point of extinction. Sharks are among the oldest creatures on earth, having survived in the seas for more than 350 million years. They are extremely efficient animals, feeding on wounded or dying animals, thus performing an important role in nature of weeding out the weaker animals in a species. Just the fact that species such as the Great White Shark have managed to live in the oceans for so many millions of years is enough proof of their efficiency and adaptability to changing environments. It is time for us humans, who may not survive another 1,000 years at the rate we are damaging the planet, to cast away our fears and begin considering the protection of sharks as an important part of a program for protection of all our natural environment.

Question 71: With which of the following topics is this passage primarily concerned?

A. Sharks are efficient creatures with bad reputations.
B. Sharks are some of the oldest creatures on earth.
C. Sharks illustrate a problem in wildlife protection.
D. The campaign to save dolphins was not extended to save sharks.

Question 72: The word "protested" is closest in meaning to which of the following?

A. prescribed                      B. objected to                             C. protected                       D. reflected on

Question 73: How did environmentalists manage to protect dolphins?

A. They prevented fishermen from selling them for meat.
B. They pressured fishermen into protecting dolphins by law.
C. They brought political pressure against tuna companies.
D. They created sanctuaries where dolphin fishing was not allowed.

Question 74: About how long have sharks lived on the planet?

A. 25 million years               B. 150 million years                     C. 350 million years            D. 500 million years

Question 75: The author uses the phrase "weeding out" to mean

A. strengthening something that is weak                                  B. feeding something that is hungry
C. encouraging something that is efficient                                D. getting rid of something that is unwanted

Question 76: The phrase "managed to live" is used to infer that

A. surviving was difficult                                                         B. migration was common
C. procreation was expanding                                                  D. roaming was necessary

Question 77: The phrase "to cast away" means most nearly
A. to throw off                      B. to bring in                               C. to see through                  D. to set apart

Question 78: What is the author's tone in this passage?

A. explanatory                     B. accusatory                              C. gentle                              D. proud

Question 79: Which of the following best describes the organization of this passage?

A. order of importance          B. cause and effect                    C. statement and example       D. chronological order

Question 80: Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

A. We are only protecting the beautiful and non-threatening parts of our environment.
B. Worldwide slaughter of sharks may lead to the extinction of these animals.
C. Environmentalists didn't approve of using driftnets to catch tuna because they also caught dolphins.
D. Tuna fishing is one of the causes that lead to the decrease in the number of tuna in the Pacific Ocean.

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